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Headway Plymouth

Supporting life after brain injury

Supporting life after brain injury

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Headway Plymouth

About Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is an umbrella term which refers to all types of brain injury acquired after birth, they are not hereditory or congenital nor caused during birth. An ABI causes change to the brain’s activity affecting cognitive and executive functions such as memory, communication, behaviour, decision making, information processing and emotions.

There are two types of brain injury: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Non-Traumatic Brain Injury (NTBI).

TBI refers to brain injury caused by an external factor such as falling off a ladder, a vehicular crash, physical assault, being hit by a car, slipping on a wet floor and striking the head or a sports injury.

NTBI refers to brain injury caused by an internal factor within the brain such as a stroke, encephelitis, near drowning, any situation where the brain is starved of oxygen like a heart attack, viral or bacterial infections like meningitis,

The effects of NTBI and TBI are very similar, however, treating and coping with acquired brain injury can be very different due to key differences between the two types.

Types of brain injury

Mild head injury and concussion
Brain Haemorrhage                   Aneurysm
Brain tumour
Encephalitis
Hydrocephalus
Stroke
Meningitis
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Hypoxic and anoxic brain injury                                                Heart attack                                     Near drowning

Effects of brain injury vary considerably depending on the area of the brain injured and how much of the brain is damaged.

Effects of brain injury

Coma
Cognitive effects
Behavioural effects
Executive Disfunction
Communication Problems
Chronic fatigue
Hormonal imbalances
Physical problems
Memory Problems
Post traumatic amnesia